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Dyslexia Challenges for Children and Young People

Living with dyslexia presents people with a unique set of challenges that can affect various aspects of their lives.

What challenges can people with dyslexia face?

Reading difficulties

Dyslexia mostly affects reading skills, making it difficult to decode words, recognise sight words, and understand written text. This can impact school or college performance, because reading is seen (rightly or wrongly) as essential for learning across all subjects.

Writing and spelling challenges

Dyslexia often involves difficulties with spelling, writing, and grammar. Individuals may struggle to express themselves coherently in written form, leading to frustration and reduced confidence in their writing abilities.

Slow processing speed

Dyslexia can mean the brain absorbs and understands information more slowly, making it difficult to keep up with the pace of instructions or complete tasks within specific timeframes. This may lead to feelings of frustration and inadequacy, particularly in academic settings. Instructions may need to be given verbally, or by using picture cues to help.

Memory issues

Dyslexia can affect both short-term and long-term memory, making it challenging to retain information, follow multi-step instructions, or recall facts and details. This can impact learning and academic achievement, as well as daily activities.

Difficulty getting organised

Many people with dyslexia struggle with organisational skills, such as time management, planning, and prioritising tasks. This can make it challenging to stay organised at school, work, or home, leading to feelings of overwhelm and stress.

Low self-esteem and anxiety

Persistent struggles with reading, writing, and academic tasks can negatively impact self-esteem and confidence over time. People with dyslexia may experience anxiety, fear of failure, or social isolation as a result of their difficulties.

Misunderstandings and stigma

Misconceptions about dyslexia may lead to misunderstandings and prejudices, both within educational settings and in society at large. Some people may wrongly perceive dyslexia as a sign of low intelligence or laziness, adding unnecessary feelings of shame and inadequacy.

Lack of awareness and support

Poor awareness of dyslexia among educators, employers, and society in general can prevent access to appropriate support and accommodations. Without proper understanding and advocacy, people with dyslexia may struggle to receive the help they need to succeed in school, careers, leisure activities, and their daily lives.


Despite these challenges, it’s essential to recognise that people with dyslexia also possess unique strengths and talents. With the right support, accommodations, and encouragement, they can overcome obstacles and thrive.

Read my article on The Positives of Dyslexia for more!